medievalpoc:

peashooter85:

The Jews of Ancient China —- The Kaifeng Jews

The destruction of Jerusalem at the hands of the Romans in 70 AD would create a wave of Jewish diaspora as Jewish rebels were sold into slavery or exiled to locations all over the Roman Empire.  However the spread of Jewish peoples would expand beyond the borders of the Roman world, as Jewish genes can be found all over Europe, Africa, and Asia.  One far flung Jewish community can be found in China, one of the most extreme examples of Jewish immigration in the ancient world.

After the Jewish revolt against Rome many thousands of Jews headed east to enjoy the wealth and riches of the Silk Road to Asia.  Jewish merchant communities sprang up all over Persia, Afghanistan, and Northern India.  One Jewish group traveled as far as Henan Province (Eastern China) and settled in the cosmopolitan city of Kaifeng between 600 – 900 AD.  By the year 1100 the Jews of Kaifeng had established a large and healthy community with a synagogue, communal kitchen, kosher slaughterhouse, ritual bath, and Sukkah (special building used to celebrate the festival of Sukkot).  During the Ming Dynasty the Kaifeng Jews took Chinese surnames which corresponded with the meanings of their original Jewish names.  One Kaifeng Jew, Zhao Yingcheng (Moshe Ben Abram) made his mark in Chinese history by being named the Director of the Ministry of Justice by the Emperor in the mid 1600’s. The religious traditions of the Kaifeng Jews remained the same through most of their history, corresponding exactly to the religious practices of Jews in the west.  However, in the 1860’s the community would be uprooted due to the chaos caused by the Taiping Rebellion.  The synagogue was destroyed and much of the ancient practices of the Kaifeng Jews were lost or forgotten.  The war caused a mini-diaspora of Chinese Jews as they sought refuge all over China.  After the war many Jews returned to Kaifeng to rebuild their community.  Today the Kaifeng Jews still maintain a small community with a rebuilt synagogue.  Today 1,000 Jews still maintain a prosperous community in Kaifeng.

Further Reading:

The Jews of Kaifeng, China: History, Culture, and Religion By Xin Xu

The Haggadah of the Kaifeng Jews of China By Fook-Kong Wong, Dalia Yasharpour

Legends of the Chinese Jews of Kaifeng By Xin Xu

The Kaifeng Stone Inscriptions: The Legacy of the Jewish Community in China By Tiberiu Weisz

The Jews of China: Historical and Comparative Perspectives edited by Jonathan Goldstein

musaafer:

I have to constantly remind myself that people are at different stages in their political/social identity building. I often catch myself being overly critical of peers for not having entirely on point politics when, in reality, their heart is in the right place and they’ve just not had the space/experience/exposure/time/resources to refine/develop their views.

I remind myself of what it took for me to become aware in the way I am now, of the journey it took. For so many of us, it took excessive hardship to become aware - whether it be financial hardship, exposure to racism, sexual violence, abuse, illness, etc… for a majority of us, it took something that heavy to catapult us into out concerns with social justice. And this is valid. What I’m saying is that not everyone goes through that, not everyone experiences life on the same trajectory or even faces the hardships that brought us literacy in this the hard way. So they have to learn through other ways, and those take time. Our ways do, too, for that matter. I’ve said incredibly problematic things just one or two years ago and I continue to mess up. It is the patience of fellow activists, organizers, concerned social justice advocates, friends and loved ones that keeps me growing and learning. And yes, of course, it’s also the justified, righteous rage that teaches. 

I remind myself, if I were to draw out the trajectory of my identity formation and of how I got to all the labels I take on today, it’d be a long, convoluted mess. For others, it’s very straight forward - “born to Afghan parents in America -> Afghan-American,” for example. It’s important for me to remember that others haven’t had the place/need to develop in this way and that that isn’t a bad thing; after all, I wouldn’t wish on anyone to go through what some of us did in order to be where some of us are. 

I’m not saying that we owe those around us education; it’s a micro-aggression to demand that. I’m telling myself that on the long run, it’ll take a less heavy toll on the heart if I learn to not write people off immediately, to see in them what those who taught me saw in me. I can’t keep writing people off and wonder why no one’s down with the cause. People come from different places and learn in different ways and while it may not be on me to teach everyone everything, it is on me to be patient with at least some, as they take time to learn, grow and understand. 

colourlssgreenideas:

riots are breaking out in glasgow right now, scottish flags are being burned, people are making nazi salutes, there is racism and sectarianism and god knows what else, there are supposed stabbings, people are being beaten up purely for voting Yes, but the bbc has decided that a news story more worthy of being reported is the first iphone 6 owner dropping his new phone. the anti-scottish bias from the bbc is reaching new levels of absurdity

staticdiplomat:

The Australian counter terrorism raids launched this morning and are already brutally affecting innocent Australian Muslims.
Maywand Osman, who was detained during the raids at Waterloo Rd in Marsfield but not arrested, said: “I opened the door this morning at 4:45am to about four police officers.
"They asked me to raise my hands. I immediately raised my hands. Four officers then jumped at me and one punched me in the face.
"They threw me to the ground and started hitting me in the head and pulling my hair.
"One officer grabbed me by the hair and said, "You piece of shit’.
While they were beating me I heard one officer say, ‘Just don’t make him bleed’.
"They then went inside my house to conduct a search. They found nothing in my house and I was not under arrest or in custody at any point in time."

staticdiplomat:

The Australian counter terrorism raids launched this morning and are already brutally affecting innocent Australian Muslims.

Maywand Osman, who was detained during the raids at Waterloo Rd in Marsfield but not arrested, said: “I opened the door this morning at 4:45am to about four police officers.

"They asked me to raise my hands. I immediately raised my hands. Four officers then jumped at me and one punched me in the face.

"They threw me to the ground and started hitting me in the head and pulling my hair.

"One officer grabbed me by the hair and said, "You piece of shit’.

While they were beating me I heard one officer say, ‘Just don’t make him bleed’.

"They then went inside my house to conduct a search. They found nothing in my house and I was not under arrest or in custody at any point in time."

There is a reason why heterosexual people are obsessed with asking similar-sex couples, “So, who’s the man?” They want to know who fucks and who, as it were, is fucked. Because sex is power – specifically, the exercise of male power upon women – then any time power is exercised, it invokes the spectre of male and female roles. When sex is defined by power, determine who has the power in the fuck and who does not, or who gains social status in the fuck and who loses it, and you will discover who must compulsorily be fucked by whom.
The Ethical Prude: Imagining An Authentic Sex-Negative Feminism (via horizontalfall)
wgsn:

Inspired by 3D modelling software glitches, Noa Raviv has designed garments that bring the digital into a physical space.  Classic Greek and Roman sculptures are the starting point and then worked into hi-tech garments.

wgsn:

Inspired by 3D modelling software glitches, Noa Raviv has designed garments that bring the digital into a physical space.  Classic Greek and Roman sculptures are the starting point and then worked into hi-tech garments.